Got an idea for a holiday? Send it to us

Submit Now

Slovenia Independence and Unity Day – December 26, 2022

Independence and Unity Day in Slovenia is observed on December 26 every year. It is celebrated to commemorate the day the Slovenian independence referendum was proclaimed in 1990. The referendum itself took place three days earlier on December 23 wherein 95% of the voters favored the establishment of an independent Slovene state. It was originally known only as Independence Day but its name was later changed in 2005 when the Social Democrats called to amend the name to include a reference to the national unity displayed by the Slovene people during the referendum.

History of Slovenia Independence and Unity Day

The Republic of Slovenia is a central European country, bordered by Italy, Austria, Hungary, and Croatia. It was first settled about 250,000 years ago. Slovenia happens to be the site where the oldest musical instrument was found, alongside one of the oldest wooden wheels. The area that is modern-day Slovenia was controlled by the Roman Empire and witnessed invasions by the Huns and Germanic tribes during the 5th and 6th centuries. After the Lombards departed from the Alpine area, Slavic tribes slowly began occupying the area. They were pressured by the Avars to establish a settlement there. Slovenia was ruled over by several different Germanic tribes until Charlemagne defeated a majority of them in battle. By the end of the Middle Ages, Slovenian lands bore witness to Turkish raids, peasant revolts, and other hardships.

It was only in the 19th century when Slovenian nationalist sentiments began to re-emerge; the idea of a united Slovenia began to gain traction. Slovenia soon became a part of the larger kingdom of Yugoslavia, which was later annexed by the Axis powers. After WWII, Slovenia continued as a part of Yugoslavia.

Slovenian independence was proclaimed in a referendum in 1990. Originally known as Independence Day, it is celebrated as Independence and Unity Day today.

Slovenia Independence and Unity Day timeline

250,000 Years Ago
The First Settlement

Inhabitants first settle in Slovenia.

6th Century
The Alpine Settlement

Slavs settle in the Alpine region.

December 23, 1990
The Referendum

The Slovenian independence referendum is organized.

December 26, 1990
Independence

Slovenian independence is declared.

Slovenia Independence and Unity Day FAQs

What was Slovenia previously called?

Slovenia used to be a part of Yugoslavia.

When did Slovenia become a country?

It became a country on June 25, 1991.

Is Slovenia a part of Russia?

Slovenia was never a part of the U.S.S.R. or Russia.

How to Observe Slovenia Independence and Unity Day

  1. Read about Slovene history

    Read about Slovenia’s history. It’s a good way to understand the importance of Independence and Unity Day.

  2. Read Slovenian literature

    To understand the popular sentiments during the time, give (translated) Slovenian literature a try. You’ll learn so much.

  3. Visit Slovenia

    Slovenia is a beautiful country with a vibrant culture. If it’s within your means, visit the country.

5 Fascinating Facts About Slovenia

  1. A chicken-shaped country

    The shape of Slovenia’s border is said to look a bit like a chicken.

  2. Caves

    Slovenia is home to about 8,000 caves.

  3. Baby dragons

    Slovenia is home to the olm, believed to be the underdeveloped offspring of dragons that live under the surface of the Earth.

  4. Linguistic diversity

    Slovenian, the official language of Slovenia, has over 46 dialects.

  5. An abundance of vineyards

    There’s one vineyard per 70 people in Slovenia.

Why Slovenia Independence and Unity Day is Important

  1. It’s an opportunity to learn about history

    Slovenia has a rich history. We'll take any opportunity to read about it!

  2. It highlights the political status of the country

    Slovenia’s independence is invariably linked to the current idea of the country. Understanding this holiday helps us understand the roots of what we know as Slovenia.

  3. It highlights nationalist aspirations

    Independence and Unity Day was a product of the nationalist aspiration of the Slovene people. The celebration of this holiday honors those sentiments.

Slovenia Independence and Unity Day dates

YearDateDay
2022December 26Monday
2023December 26Tuesday
2024December 26Thursday
2025December 26Friday
2026December 26Saturday

Holidays Straight to Your Inbox

Every day is a holiday!
Receive fresh holidays directly to your inbox.