Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Independence Day, celebrated on October 27, is the celebration of independence in the iconic Windward island of Saint Vincent and Grenadines. Saint Vincent and Grenadines is a Caribbean nation with 32 islands of which only nine are inhabitable. The British, Spanish, and French had tried to claim the island only to find brave resistance from the Carribeans, the earliest settlers on the island. The day commemorates freeing the island from the constraints of the British through a referendum that empowered the island nations to gain their freedom.
History of Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Independence Day
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines is the last Windward Island to gain its independence from the United Kingdom on October 27, 1979, following a referendum that granted it full autonomy. Since then, October 27 has become a public holiday on the island. The island nation’s wealth largely depends on the activities of La Soufrière — a volcano that first erupted in 1718, causing numerous harmful effects.
Christopher Columbus discovered the island On January 22, 1498. His discovery marked the island’s first contact with Europeans. The island got its name from the French saint, St. Vincent de Paul, who was mainly recognized for his charity and compassion for the poor. For centuries, the British, Spanish, and French disputed over who had colonial claims over the island. Notwithstanding, the Caribbean settlers on the island resisted all the three colonists for as long as they could. In 1783, the Treaty of Versailles convicted the French, who had earlier occupied the island in 1779, to hand it over to the British. The British established a plantation economy on the island, particularly due to the earlier influx of Africans into the island in the 17th century.
In 1962, the Federation of East Indians, to which Saint Vincent and the Grenadines belonged, was dissolved, and the transition to independence beside the larger Caribbean islands began. In 1969, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines was granted statehood by the British, giving them sovereignty over their internal affairs but still under the British colony. Finally, on October 27, 1979, Queen Elizabeth II granted Saint Vincent and the Grenadines their independence.
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Independence Day timeline
Christopher Columbus discovers the Island.
The Treaty of Versailles hands the island over to the British.
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines become partially independent.
Following a referendum, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines gains independence.
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Independence Day FAQs
What language is spoken in Saint Vincent?
English because of the British colonization.
What is Saint Vincent’s major religion?
Vincentians are overwhelmingly Christians.
Is Saint Vincent a part of the U.S.?
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines is a sovereign nation and a part of the Commonwealth of Nations.
How to Observe Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Independence Day
Attend the national event
Gather your family members or friends and attend the military parade as well as the cultural display organized by the government. Not only will you be immersed in civic pride, but you will also be exposed to a wonderful spectacle of entertaining features.
Fly the national flag
Celebrate this day by flying Saint Vincent and the Grenadines' flag in all places. Let the distinct yellow, blue, and green colors of the flag be seen everywhere around the nation.
Pray for the nation
Offer prayers for the progress of the nation and its citizens. You may begin the day with this and end it with this.
5 Facts About Saint Vincent And Grenadines That Will Interest You
The Caribs used to call the nation 'Hairoun' which means the 'Land of the Blessed.'
City of arches
Kingstown is nicknamed the "City of Arches" because the buildings in the city have an estimated 400 arches.
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines is home to the oldest botanical gardens in the western hemisphere.
The nation's national bird is the Amazon's Guildingii.
Has a large fish diversity
More than 225 species of fish live in the waters of Saint Vincent and Grenadines.
Why Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Independence Day is Important
Nothing supersedes freedom. Simply celebrating freedom from the shackles of colonialism is enough reason for us to love this day.
The cultural displays organized by the government and other patriotic Vincentians are wonderful sights to behold.
It promotes tourism
Celebrating Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Independence Day draws tourists to the island, causing their economic sector to flourish.
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Independence Day dates