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Lesotho Independence Day – October 4, 2022

Lesotho Independence Day is celebrated on October 4th every year as the day the nation became a sovereign state from the British in 1966. At the time, it was known as Basutoland but upon independence, it was renamed the Kingdom of Lesotho with a King at its helm — Moshoeshoe II and its first Prime Minister — Chief Leabua Jonathan. This land-locked county, which is completely surrounded by South Africa, is still going strong and has largely been unaffected by political turmoils that have afflicted other African nations. Read on to learn more about this very mountainous country.

History of Lesotho Independence Day

The history of the inhabitants of the region now known as Lesotho goes back many years. In the early 1800s, the people of Sotho tribes escaped the Zulu army and journeyed to the highlands of modern Lesotho (then called Basutoland). By 1822, they united under King Moshoeshoe I as a single country

The kingdom constantly developed through contact with British and Dutch colonists from Cape Colony. The country had several diplomatic alliances with foreigners and collected guns they used against the encroachers. From the 1830s to 1860s, Boer settlers began infringing on the Sotho territory, leading to border wars. In 1867, the Sotho people triumphed over the Boers in a significant conflict known as the Free State–Basotho War. After the war, they appealed to Queen Victoria to make Basotholand a British protectorate to deter further invaders. The Queen heeded the request and Basotholand became a British Protectorate the following year.

In 1869, the British signed a treaty with the Boers that defined the boundaries of Basotholand — this led to King Moshoeshoe’s kingdom getting reduced to half its original size. Conflicts with Britain resulted when the British government tried to compel Lesotho into union with the rest of its South African colonies. Eventually, Lesotho was allowed to have Sotho leaders in 1960, making it an autonomous state under the British. On October 4, 1966, Lesotho finally gained independence from Britain and became a fully sovereign state named the Kingdom of Lesotho.

Lesotho Independence Day timeline

1822
The Kingdom Enlarges

Sotho tribesmen unite under King Moshoeshoe I.

1867
The Sotho Triumphs in War

The Sotho people triumph in the Free State–Basotho War against white settlers.

1960
The Nation Becomes Autonomous

Lesotho develops into an autonomous republic under the British.

1966
The Nation’s Freedom is Granted

Lesotho gains its independence from the British government.

Lesotho Independence Day FAQs

What is Lesotho famous for?

Lesotho is popular for its beautiful scenery, including snow-capped mountain ranges during the winter.

What is the old name of Lesotho?

Lesotho was formerly known as Basutoland.

Who were the first inhabitants of Lesotho?

Lesotho was originally inhabited by local tribes of hunter-gatherers called the Khoisan.

How to Observe Lesotho Independence Day

  1. Celebrate Lesotho’s independence online

    Participate by watching the parades and ceremonies in Lesotho virtually. This is a good way to commemorate this holiday while learning about Lesotho’s culture. Share posts about the parades and the latest news about Lesotho on various social media platforms you have.

  2. Fly their national colors

    The national colors of Lesotho are blue, white, and green. Flying any two of these colors is a great way to commemorate their independence.

  3. Learn about Lesotho’s history

    The history of the Sotho goes back as many as 400 years. The country has a long 100 years history of colonization by the U.K. before it gained independence. Dig in and learn as much as you can about this nation.

5 Interesting Facts About

  1. Nicknamed “Kingdom in the Sky”

    Lesotho has a very mountainous topography which has earned the place the title of Africa’s “Kingdom in the Sky.”

  2. Dinosaur fossils were found

    Dinosaur fossils were discovered in Lesotho in the 1970s.

  3. It uses green energy

    Lesotho uses hydroelectric energy for almost all of its power needs.

  4. Lesotho is very homogenous

    About 98% of Lesotho’s population consists of the Basotho ethnic group, the rest includes Europeans, Asians, and Zulus.

  5. It still has a monarch

    Lesotho practices constitutional monarchy and presently has a king.

Why Lesotho Independence Day is Important

  1. Celebrate the independence of Lesotho

    We celebrate Lesotho’s long fight to be an independent nation against British colonization. We also honor their journey and where they are now as an independent, autonomous country.

  2. Learn about new languages and culture

    The prospect of discovering new languages and cultures makes the holiday exciting. And on October 4, we get to learn about Lesotho, as it is home to several native languages, including Phuthi, Sesotho, Xhosa, and Zulu.

  3. Know more of Lesotho’s nature

    Lesotho lies at an average elevation of 3,281 feet above sea level and is, therefore, one of the highest countries in the world. That said, many natural wonders are unique to its landscape.

Lesotho Independence Day dates

YearDateDay
2022October 4Tuesday
2023October 4Wednesday
2024October 4Friday
2025October 4Saturday
2026October 4Sunday

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