El Salvador Independence Day is on September 15. The other Central American countries of Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua, and Costa Rica join in because of the Act of Independence of Central America signed in Guatemala City in 1821. El Salvador is a country in Central America with mountains and flat plains that receives lots of rain. The country’s national flower is Flor de izote or yucca flower blossom. El Salvador is also known for its beautiful beaches, including Playa Popoyo, Playa El Sunzal, and Playa El Tunco.
History of El Salvador Independence Day
In 1522, Andrés Niño, a Spanish navigator, led an expedition to Central America. He discovered Jiquilisco Bay and the Lempa River and then claimed the land in the name of Spain. The first known visit by Europeans to what is now Salvadoran territory took place this year. Soon after, Spanish conquistadors led by Pedro de Alvarado and his brother Gonzalo arrived in what is today the Republic of El Salvador. They were initially disappointed to discover the area wasn’t rich in gold, but they found the soil quality excellent.
Indigenous people living in the area put up stiff resistance to the Spanish. It was not until 1525 that the Spanish finally gained control of the area. El Salvador joined the Kingdom of Guatemala in 1609, which included the present-day nations of Costa Rica, Nicaragua, El Salvador, El Salvador, Guatemala, and the Mexican state of Chiapas.
As a result of Spain’s involvement in the Peninsular War, the country’s government was weakened. Additionally, local juntas were created as Spanish civilians revolted against King Joseph Bonaparte, Napoleon Bonaparte’s brother, who was installed as ruler of Spain by the French. The desire for self-rule in Central America was epitomized in El Salvador, where the 1811 independence movement became famous for its cry for independence.
El Salvador declared its independence on September 15, 1821, when Central American states were declared independent from the Spanish Empire by the Act of Independence of Guatemala. After independence, the regions became part of the Mexican Empire until they were ceded to become the Federal Republic of Central America in 1823.
El Salvador Independence Day timeline
Andrés Niño leads an expedition and discovers Jiquilisco Bay and the Lempa River.
Indigenous people living in the area put up stiff resistance to the Spanish, but the Spanish finally gain control of the area.
The Province of Guatemala declares the Act of Independence of Central America.
After gaining independence from El Salvador, the regions become part of the Mexican Empire.
El Salvador Independence Day FAQs
Who is the wealthiest person in El Salvador?
Carlos Slim Helú. Known as the C.E.O. of Telmex, América Móvil, and Grupo Carso World’s richest person, 2010—2013.
What is El Salvador famous for?
El Salvador is nicknamed the ‘land of volcanoes’ and experiences frequent earthquakes and volcanic activity.
Why is El Salvador hot?
The dry, hot, hazy season that El Salvador experiences during summer come from airflow from the Caribbean that has lost most of its precipitation while passing over the mountains in Honduras.
El Salvador Independence Day Activities
Attend an event
Many cities in El Salvador host large parades. These usually feature floats decorated with flags, dancers performing traditional dances, and music from local bands. It's an exciting opportunity for visitors to experience life in this part of the world. Snack on street food from local vendors.
Learn about the history of El Salvador
Learn more about this Central American country's culture, history, and people. It's also an excellent way to meet people from other Latino countries and communities.
Prepare traditional foods
Start with breakfast by making 'pupusas' (stuffed tortillas) or another typical dish like tamales or fried yucca. Serve beans and rice with a meat dish such as 'Carne asada' or 'sopa de pata' (tripe soup) for dinner. Cool things off with a big pitcher of 'horchata' (rice milk) made ahead of time.
5 Interesting Facts About El Salvador That Will Blow Your Mind!
It has volcanoes on its flag
The flag includes six volcanoes on the coat of arms representing the five states of the United Provinces of Central America and El Salvador.
It’s a paradise for surfers
Due to its location on the Pacific Ocean, its giant point waves attract surfers worldwide. With Punta Roca and Punta Mango being arguably the best spots in all of Central America.
It’s world-famous for coffee beans
Coffee from El Salvador is famous worldwide and the country was once the fourth largest coffee producer globally, after Brazil, Colombia, and Vietnam.
It has ancient pyramids
El Salvador's five archaeological parks are Cihuatan, Joya de Ceren, San Andres, Casa Blanca, and Tazumal.
El Salvador has the oldest capital city
San Salvador is the capital city of El Salvador and the oldest and most long-standing capital in Central America.
Why We Love El Salvador Independence Day
It celebrates freedom
It's a day for the citizens of El Salvador to enjoy all the freedom their country brings. It's also a time to reflect and consider how to give back to society.
It is a good day to reminisce
Independence Day reminds us about important historical events and honors those who made a better future for their compatriots. Spend the day with friends and family remembering and paying respect to the hardships overcome in the past.
It symbolizes patriotism
For El Salvadorans, Independence Day engenders enthusiasm and instills a patriotic love for their country. It serves to remind them why they are proud of their nation.
El Salvador Independence Day dates